The aim of the Framework for Growth (FFG) ) was to ensure that there is adequate residential and industrial land available for future development over a projected 20 year period (2007 to 2027).
The Land Supply Review (LSR) was conducted over two years and included public consultation. This review was the first since the District Plan was notified for submissions in 1998 and the first comprehensive review of land supply since the District Council came into being in 1989.On 4 March 2008 the Council approved the FFG. On 27 May 2008 the Council approved additional recommendations for Waitara growth areas.You can read the Framework for Growth online as HTML or download the PDFs.
The Land Supply Review was initiated in 2006 in response to recent economic and household growth. The review aims to address the supply of residential and employment land in New Plymouth/Bell Block and in those other towns which currently have residential zoning and have the physical potential to grow. This included Waitara, Inglewood, Okato, Onaero, Lepperton and Egmont Village. Oakura and Urenui were considered separately through the Coastal Strategy Structure Plans. The review has also considered the need for further employment land in the larger towns of New Plymouth, Bell Block, Waitara and Inglewood.
This Framework for Growth document sets out the recommended growth direction for urban expansion land in the district. The Framework will provide the context for future council decisions related to managing residential and commercial growth for the next 20 years and ensuring that council funded infrastructure is delivered in a timely manner based on these priorities. Having an adopted Framework for Growth will also provide the council with the necessary direction and context for assessing private plan changes.
The Framework builds on the comments received to the Discussion and Options Papers (April 2007) and the Draft Framework for Growth (September 2007).
Both the Resource Management Act and the Local Government Act require councils to provide for the needs of the communities through the sustainable management of land and resources. This review is the first since the District Plan was notified for submissions in 1998 and the first comprehensive review of land supply since the district council came into being in 1989. Through this review it is hoped that sufficient residential and industrial land will be identified to meet the expectations of the community for the next 20 years. Ongoing monitoring will ensure that if growth exceeds expectations there will be an opportunity for further review within 10 years in accordance with sound resource management practice.Return to top
In undertaking this review a number of assumptions have been made about the type of development demand likely in future years. These assumptions are based on facts and trends over recent years.
For residential land the basic assumptions which have informed the review are:
The changing population patterns have also been accompanied by a restructuring within the business and industrial sectors. Increased spending power has given business the confidence to invest in new premises driving increased demand for industrial land (especially to the east of New Plymouth) and supporting a rise in land values for the first time in over a decade. Although demand has been for industrial land, this reflects location rather than activity with much of the investment being for more commercial uses. In terms of industrial/business (employment) land the following assumptions have been made:
As such the review has identified the need to plan for future light industrial/business land rather than general industrial land.Return to top
In establishing the Framework for Growth, the council has taken a long term and strategic view and identified sufficient land for the next 20 years. In identifying this land the council has also considered longer term growth (post 2027) and the resulting overall urban form of the district’s towns. The long term view will provide certainty to the community and developers and a basis against which to assess any future applications by private individuals to rezone land. This long term and strategic approach will also ensure that infrastructure projects are planned and budget allocations are directed where needed.
Good planning requires an integration of land use, transport, social and economic policy. In acknowledgement of this the council is also pursuing other studies and actions in parallel to the Land Supply Review. This includes:
The demand for new residential development fluctuates from year to year. However, by taking a look at the longer term development trends it is possible to derive an annual average. The data confirms that in the last 10 years 2,800 additional households were recorded for the district. This equates to an average of 280 additional households each year. In the next 20 years it is predicted that between 250 and 300 new homes will be built each year throughout the district. This equates to an additional 5,000 to 6,000 households district-wide over the next 20 years.
Based on trend analysis it is assumed that in the future approximately 80 per cent of growth will be in the urban areas and 20 per cent in rural areas (slightly below the current 25 per cent). On this basis in the 20 years to 2027, 4,000 to 4,800 homes will be in the urban areas (3,000 to 3,200 in New Plymouth and Bell Block with the remaining 1,000 to 1,600 split between all the other towns). Of this urban demand some households will be accommodated through infill development within the existing residential areas.
Overall it is assumed that:
In summary the total requirement for residential land is:
In most towns there is existing residential zoned land which can be deducted from these figures. Thus in each town the actual greenfield land requirement until 2027 (as updated June 2007) is in the following range:
The Land Supply Review has considered all options for residential expansion that would meet the criteria for compact towns. The Discussion and Options Papers published in April 2007 presented the best options for growth in each area. The comments received from landowners, stakeholders and the community resulted in recommended growth areas being identified in the Draft Framework for Growth. Following consultation, submissions and a Hearing held on 11 December 2007, these recommendations were further refined and are shown on maps 1H-9H in this report.
Each of these areas will be investigated further with a view to updating the District Plan through Plan Changes.
Looking to the future, New Plymouth and Bell Block need to be treated as one market both for residential land and for industrial/commercial land. The two areas together are currently the focus of residential growth for the district as a whole and the primary location for growth in employment and commercial land.
Based on June 2007 calculations a total of 120-150 hectares is required until 2027. This range allows flexibility in defining the appropriate boundaries for each growth area as the preferred options are developed further.
The areas identified below should be sufficient for a 30 year period. However, it is appropriate that we plan for this longer term now given the need to integrate the long term transport solutions with land use planning.
- New Plymouth south and westTo the south and west of New Plymouth there is already more than 60 hectares of zoned residential land, although some is already committed for development. It is recommended that the following three areas are identified to supplement land in this area and to provide short to medium term options for council initiated plan changes. Together these three areas provide an additional 94 hectares of residential land.
a) Approximately 90 hectares being 20 hectares west of Cowling Road (Area E1 on Map 1H) extending from the current urban boundary to the transmission lines (retaining a buffer zone), and about 70 hectares to the east of Cowling Road across to Frankley Road (Area E1 and E2 on Map 1H) extending from the current urban boundary to a line around parallel with Patterson Road. This land is elevated with good views and is close to schools, shops on Tukapa Street and the Barrett Domain. The topography of some land within this broad strategic area will not be suitable for residential development. The exact extent of suitable residential land will need to be determined through a structure plan.
b) A 2 hectare section on Barrett Road (Area D on Map 1H) to consolidate the current split zoning on a single title to the west of Barrett Road. The concept plan will provide for enhanced protection of the Significant Natural Area (SNA) and provide recreational linkages through the residential area opening up access to the SNA.
c) The 18.5 hectares of land rezoned following approval of a Private Plan Change lodged by Hawkswood Park Ltd, plus two additional adjacent areas (about 2 and 1.4 hectares respectively - Area H Map 1H).Return to top
- New Plymouth East/Bell BlockTo minimise journey times to work and to services, it is sensible that future residential expansion areas are focussed to the east of New Plymouth and around Bell Block. It is recognised that any developments east of the Waiwhakaiho River will result in additional demands being placed on the highway network. However, by identifying these areas now the impacts of this additional traffic can be planned for in upgrades to the network.
For all of the areas in New Plymouth East/Bell Block, an archaeological assessment is necessary to ensure important cultural and historic sites are identified and adequately protected.
d) In the short to medium term Area Q (Map 1H) between Wills Road, Devon Road and Airport Drive will provide about 105 hectares of land. This area will need to be structure planned to ensure proper planning of the wider area. Further investigation is needed of extent, phasing and implications for the two existing poultry businesses and airport operations. There is also a need to ensure that Airport Drive and Devon Road remain as entrance gateways to the city. As a result there will need to be a landscape buffer (beautification strip) and access to new subdivisions will need to be via an internal roading network. Further investigation is also needed in terms of roading pattern, open space and identification of archaeological or waahi tapu sites.
In the medium term:e) Employment land will also be provided for in the Bell Block Area between the rail corridor and alignment of the Bell Block bypass to the east of Egmont Road/west of Henwood Road (Area N on Map 1H). This will consolidate businesses in the Bell Block area where the benefits of co-location occur and where there is reasonably flat land close to the transport network. This location is appropriate for light industrial/business type uses. Access to this land would need to be from a secondary roading network. Area N comprises about 76 hectares and so should provide sufficient employment land until 2027. (Note that a Private Plan Change lodged by Graphite Management Ltd was approved by council in September 2007 to rezone part of area N to industrial C. This is currently under Appeal by the applicant.).
In the longer term:f) The Smart Road area (Areas K, L and S on Map 1H) will provide the opportunity for a well planned new suburb. This area is well placed between New Plymouth CBD and services (schools, leisure activities etc) and the employment areas at Bell Block. It is also located adjacent to the strategic road network as well as being close to the main water and wastewater treatment plants. It is proposed that this area is comprehensively addressed with a structure plan prepared for the entire area. Through a structure planned approach it should be possible to protect elements of landscape quality, consider non-standard solutions and provide for phased development. There is more than 350 hectares of land in this area (gross land area) and this could provide sufficient land in the period from 2012-2037.
g) In a similar timeframe land immediately to the south of the railway between Egmont and Henwood roads could also provide an expansion area for Bell Block in addition to Smart Road (area south of N on map 1H). Further investigation is required before identifying the need or suitability of this area.Return to top
In Waitara there is the opportunity to provide for and encourage growth. The town has existing schools and services and there are sufficient options for residential development. In addition to the two areas identified below, an additional investigation will be carried out to identify if there is further land suitable for residential development in Waitara (now attached as Addendum I).
h) The north–eastern portion of Armstrong Ave (Area A on Map 4H) will provide approximately 7 hectares of Residential A land adjacent to the existing urban area.
i) Land north of Bayly St (Area B on Map 4H) is identified as a future residential area. By identifying the land now the council has signalled that this land (about 62 hectares) is the best option for the future growth of Waitara.
j) In Onaero land has been identified adjacent to the northern end of Onaero Beach Road (Areas B and C on Map 5H). The location of the land (about 3.5 hectares) will maintain a compact urban form in this small coastal community.
It is recommended that none of the option areas are included in this Framework for Growth. There is no immediate need for land as sufficient residential zoned land is available for the short term. There were also concerns raised by Tegel and Taranaki Regional Council based on the implications for the poultry industry in this area. Future changes in the poultry industry would allow the reconsideration of the option areas if the landowners wish to develop their land.
k) Land to the west of Egmont Road on the northern side of the town Area B2 (Map 7H) is identified as a future urban area (about 7 hectares). This area may have ground conditions that require the introduction of a larger minimum lot size. This will be further investigated prior to a plan change.
In Inglewood there is the opportunity to provide for and encourage growth. The town has existing schools and services and there are sufficient options for residential development. It is recommended that the following areas are rezoned to Residential A.
l) The land to the west of Miro St (Area A on Map 8H) provides 12 hectares of land.
m) Northern portions of both Areas B and C adjacent to Maire St (Map 8H) together providing approximately 7 hectares of land.Return to top
n) 13 hectares of land to the north east edge of Okato (Area C on Map 9H) be identified as a future residential area. The location of the land will maintain a compact urban form in this small community yet provide the opportunity for growth over the next 20 years.
Following the adoption of the Waitara Reconmmendations by the Council on 27 May 2008 two additional future residential areas have been added to the recommendations for Waitara. Area D to the north of Raleigh Street provides about 13.3 hectares. Area E to the south of Raleigh Street provides about 15.5 hectares.As future residential gorwth areas both Area D and Area E will only be subject to consideration for rezoning Plan Changes once stormwater catchment investigations are completed and stormwater works scheduled for completion.
New Plymouth Areas E1 and E2 (Tukapa, Frankley and Cowling Roads) (Plan Change 25)This plan change considered the rezoning of about 91 hectares of land identified as New Plymouth Areas E1 and E2 within the FFG from Rural Environment Area to Residential A Environment Area.However, only about 48 hectares was eventually proposed for rezoning to Residential A Environment Area, with the remaining 41 hectares proposed to remain as Rural Environment Area.
Status: Operative as of 29 August 2011
Future Urban Development Overlay (Plan Change 15)This plan change is the incorporation of the FFG into the District Plan. The Plan Change proposes to identify the future urban growth areas identified within the FFG, the Oakura Structure Plan and the Urenui Structure Plan within the Plan through a Future Urban Development (FUD) Overlay. Rules relating to the FUD Overlay are also proposed for development and subdivision within, and development adjacent to the FUD Overlay.
Status: A hearing was held on 18 December 2011, and a decision from the Hearings Commission is now pending.Return to top
Inglewood (Plan Change 18)This plan change considered the rezoning of about 19 hectares of land identified as Inglewood Areas A, B and C within the FFG from Rural Environment Area to Residential A Environment Area.About 28.5 hectares was eventually proposed for rezoning to Residential A Environment Area, including about 0.6 hectares of Karo Park Open Space B.
Status: A Hearing was held on 22 August 2011 and the Hearings Commission decision notified on 10 December 2011.
Waitara Area A (Armstrong Avenue) (Plan Change 17)This involves investigation of about 8 hectares of land identified as Waitara Area A from Rural Environment Area to Residential A Environment Area.Status: Ongoing investigation and consultation is nearing completion. It is expected the plan change being notified early in 2012.
Bell Block Area Q (Wills Road to Airport Drive) (Plan Change 20)This involves investigation of about 106 hectares of land identified as Bell Block Area Q from Rural Environment Area to Residential A Environment Area.Status: A Preliminary Concept Map was released for consultation with Area Q landowners in August 2011. Ongoing investigation and consultation is continuing with expectation of a draft Structure Plan being released for consultation in 2012.
Bell Block Area N (Egmont Road to Henwood Road) (Plan Change 21)This involves investigation of about 77 hectares of land identified as Bell Block Area N from Rural Environment Area to Business/Light Industrial Environment Area.Status: The current focus is on resolving matters related to archaeology, stormwater and roading prior to initiating actual rezoning investigations.
The next urban growth area to be investigated will be Oakura which is anticipated to be initiated in 2012.
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