The NPDC recognises that the sale and supply of alcohol is part of the wider living environment of New Plymouth District, and the legal and responsible sale and supply of alcohol can contribute to a vibrant local economy and community. Alcohol is the most commonly used recreational drug in New Zealand, and over 80% of New Zealanders report that they have drunk alcohol in the previous year. 37 While most people drink without harming themselves or others, there is widespread acknowledgement that the misuse and abuse of alcohol can cause considerable harm to communities, individuals, and families. Nationally, the costs of alcohol related harms have been estimated at $2billion annually, including $655 million in public health costs, $200 million in social welfare costs, and $1.7billion in costs associated with lost productivity.38 Working to reduce the effects of harmful alcohol use requires an integrated and intersectoral approach to the management of alcohol in the community.
Research evidence suggests that the local environment, including the density and management of licenced premises, influences drinking behaviours.39 There is also a growing body of evidence to suggest significant links between the retail availability of alcohol, alcohol consumption and alcohol- related harms.40 Poorly run premises are also associated with increased levels of alcohol related harms experienced by communities. Therefore, improved management of premises and increased monitoring and enforcement reduces the likelihood of the misuse of alcohol, and intoxication, on licenced premises.
To administer the Sale of Liquor Act framework, the Act provides key roles for four agencies:
The New Plymouth District Council as the DLA is an independent statutory body that issue licences to enable liquor to be sold or supplied to the public, and monitor and enforce the conditions of licences.
There are five types of liquor licences issued by DLAs:
The rules in the New Plymouth District Plan affect the location and type of liquor outlets. The sale of liquor is permitted in a business zone. Sites within 50m of a residential or rural zone require resource consent; other sites are permitted between 7am and 3am, depending on the type of business zoning. In industrial zones, where the site is more than 50m from a residential or rural area on- 44 Part 3 - Supporting Information licences may be open from 7am to 3am. Open space areas that are more than 50m from a residential or rural area may open 7am to 1am (11pm closing Sunday-Thursday).
In all other cases, on-licence premises are discretionary activities that require resource consent, subject to considerations relating to:
There are 199 liquor licences within the New Plymouth DLA. Approximately half of these are on- licences (95 licences), with approximately one-third of the remainder being club licences (55 licences), and approximately one quarter off-licences (49 licences).
The geographical distribution of the licences across the district can be shown in graphs 1 to 3 below.
37 Alcohol Advisory Council of New Zealand. (2005). New Zealand and its drinking culture: A programme of change. Wellington: ALAC .38 Alcohol Advisory Council of New Zealand. (2005). New Zealand and its drinking culture: A programme of change. Wellington: ALAC .39 Alcohol Advisory Council Of New Zealand. (2005). Planning For Alcohol In The Community: Local Government Toolkit. ALAC: Wellington. 40 Chikritzhs T, Catalano P, Pascal R, Henrickson N. (2007). Predicting Alcohol-Related Harms From Licenced Outlet Density: A Feasibility Study. National Drug Research Institute Curtin University Of Technology: Perth, Western Australia.
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